CHEMICAL FACTORS IN WATER
Nitrates and phosphorylates are minerals that are necessary for the development of plants and algae, so naturally, they come from the decomposition of organic matter, nitrogen is present in protein and phosphorus is present in DNA.
By a joint bacterium that is found in both soil and water. The main sources of organic matter are especially in chemical fertilizers provided by farmers with the intention of growing and improving crop yields.
Excess fertilizer is washed away and flows directly from the surface of the surface above ground and underground directly to the aquifers.
Another focus of nitrates and phosphorylation is domestic sewage, sludge and detergents.
Rising concentrations of phosphorus and nitrates in the water accelerate the growth of algae, this feature is called “algae bloom”. As a result,
a green algae shell will appear on the water. The anaerobic breakdown releases a gas that smells bad and even stinks.
In open pools of water where there is an accumulation of fertilizer, a process of “autropication” takes place – that is, aging of the water reservoir while damaging both animals and plants and accelerated proliferation in the growth of algae.
The process of decomposition of nitrates by microorganisms in the water causes the formation of ammonia which turns into nitrite 2 NO
which becomes nitrate 3 NO.
It is true that sunscreen does not cause proven direct harm to human health, a high concentration of nitrates above 100 mg when the World Health Organization standard is 45 mg / liter, capable of causing bluish disease to infants up to six months of age mainly.
Blueing causes difficulty in breathing due to the fact that death nitrates inhibit oxygen competition against hemoglobin. In an extreme case,
this disease can cause death.
High nitrate concentrations in drinking water increase the chances of miscarriages in women, and a common cause of gastrointestinal cancer.
The maximum desired level is 45 mg / l, which is an official standard in the United States and Europe, the maximum level allowed in Israel is
70 mg / l. In the 2000s, the average levels of nitrate concentrations in the coastal aquifer reach 65 mg / liter and the average growth rates
are 0.6 mg / year.